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Catalysts - List of

name of catalyst conditions
name of reaction chemical equation
sulphuric acid H2SO4 heating under reflux
esterification CH3COOH +CH3CH2OH
CH
3COOCH2CH3 + H2O
dilute acid heating under reflux hydrolysis of esters CH3COOCH2CH3 + H2O
CH3COOH +CH3CH2OH
iron granules, Fe temperature
450
oC to 550oC
pressure
200 - 500 ATM
Haber Process N2 + 3H2 2NH3
nickel, Ni
platinum Pt
temperature
150oC
hydrogenation of carbon- carbon bond
(alkene)
CH2CH2+H2 CH3CH3
phosphoric (V) acid,
H
3PO4
temperature
300oC
pressure
60 ATM
hydration of ethene to make ethanol CH2CH2 + H2O
CH
3CH2OH
platinum - rhodium Pt-Rh
oxidation of ammonia 4NH3 + 5O2
4NO + 6H
2O
vanadium (V) oxide
V2O5
temperature
450oC
Contact Process 2SO2 + O2 2SO3

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Senarai Mangkin

nama mangkin
syarat /keadaan
nama tindak- balas persamaan kimia
asid sulfurik pekat H2SO4 pemanasan dengan refluks
pengesteran
CH3COOH +CH3CH2OH
CH3COOCH2CH3 + H2O
asid cair pemanasan dengan refluks hidrolisis ester CH3COOCH2CH3 + H2O
CH3COOH +CH3CH2OH
butir- butir besi, Fe suhu
450
oC - 550oC

tekanan
200 - 500 ATM
Proses Haber N2 + 3H2 2NH3
nikel, Ni
platinum Pt
suhu
150oC
penghidrogenan CH2CH2 +H2 CH3CH3
asid fosforik
H3PO4
suhu
300oC
tekanan
60 ATM
penghidratan etena

hasil: etanol
CH2CH2 + H2O
CH3CH2OH
platinum - rhodium Pt-Rh
pengoksidaan
ammonia
4NH3 + 5O2
4NO + 6H2O
vanadium (V) oksida
V2O5
suhu
450oC
Proses Sentuh 2SO2 + O2 2SO3


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